Secondary Arterial Hypertension: Uncertainties in Diagnosis

Authors

  • Paulo Gomes Dinis Serviço de Cardiologia. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
  • Maria Carmo Cachulo Serviço de Cardiologia. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
  • Andreia Fernandes Serviço de Cardiologia. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
  • Luis Paiva Serviço de Cardiologia. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
  • Lino Gonçalves Serviço de Cardiologia. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.8007

Keywords:

Blood Pressure, Hypertension/diagnosis, Kidney Diseases, Cystic, Renal Artery/abnormalitie

Abstract

Arterial hypertension is regarded today as a global public health problem, and the prevalence rate in Portugal is 26.9%. According to the etiology, is classified into primary or secondary arterial hypertension. In about 90% of cases it is not possible to establish a cause, so is called primary arterial hypertension. In the remaining 5 to 10%, it can be identified secondary causes, which are potentially treatable. For secondary arterial hypertension study to be cost-effective, it is essential to understand which patients investigate, and evaluate the best strategy to adopt. The main causes identified as responsible for secondary arterial hypertension are: kidney disease; endocrine and vascular diseases and obstructive sleep apnea. Among these some are consensual, and others more controversial in the literature. In this regard we present two cases of arterial hypertension, which are potentially secondary in etiology, but still focus of debate.

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Published

2017-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Dinis PG, Cachulo MC, Fernandes A, Paiva L, Gonçalves L. Secondary Arterial Hypertension: Uncertainties in Diagnosis. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2017 Jun. 30 [cited 2022 Nov. 28];30(6):493-6. Available from: https://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/8007

Issue

Section

Case Report