Cephalometric Evaluation of Children with Allergic Rhinitis and Mouth Breathing

Authors

  • Helena Afonso Agostinho Pediatric Stomatology Unit. Department of Stomatology. Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisbon. Portugal. Instituto de Saúde Ambiental. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisbon. Portugal.
  • Ivo Álvares Furtado Pediatric Stomatology Unit. Department of Stomatology. Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisbon. Portugal. Instituto de Saúde Ambiental. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisbon. Portugal. Instituto de Anatomia. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisbon. Portugal.
  • Francisco Salvado e Silva Pediatric Stomatology Unit. Department of Stomatology. Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisbon. Portugal. Instituto de Saúde Ambiental. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisbon. Portugal.
  • Josep Ustrell Torrent Department of Stomatology. Faculty of Odontology. Universidad de Barcelona. Barcelona. Spain.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.5556

Keywords:

Allergic, Perennial, Cephalometry, Child, Mouth Breathing, Portugal, Rhinitis.

Abstract

Introduction: Orthodontists frequently treat children with mouth breathing. The purpose of the present study was to examine dental positions, skeletal effects and the pharyngeal airway space of children with chronic allergic rhinitis, when compared with a control group exhibiting a normal breathing pattern.
Material and Methods: Seventy Caucasian children from Santa Maria University Hospital - North Lisbon Hospital Center were evaluated, between September 2009 and February 2013. The study group comprised of 35 children with chronic allergic rhinitis, both genders, aged 5 - 14, with positive reaction to allergens, mouth breathing and malocclusion. The control group was composed of 35 children, both genders, displaying normal nasal breathing and malocclusion, who resorted to the orthodontic department. Measures of Ricketts, Steiner and McNamara’s analysis were used and the t- Student test was applied to the data obtained.
Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between the oral and nasal breathers, respectively: lower facial height (49.1/45.9 mm), Frankfurt – mandibular plane angle (30.1/26.9º) and Sela-Nasion - oclusal plane angle (17.3/15º), maxillary length (78.4/82.4 mm), mandibular length (102.4/107 mm), overbite (0.8/3.1mm) and overjet (4/4.7 mm).
Discussion: Comparison between the allergic rhinitis and control group showed that there is an increased lower facial height, larger Frankfurt – mandibular plane angle and Sela-Nasion oclusal plane angle in children with chronic allergic rhinitis. This group also had a shorter maxillary and mandibular length, less overbite and decreased upper airway space.
Conclusions: Children with allergic rhinitis and mouth breathing have longer faces, shorter maxillas and mandibles and a narrowed pharyngeal airway space. No statistical differences between the groups in sagital relationships or in dental inclinations were found.

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Author Biographies

Helena Afonso Agostinho, Pediatric Stomatology Unit. Department of Stomatology. Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisbon. Portugal. Instituto de Saúde Ambiental. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisbon. Portugal.

DMD.  Ms Orthod.

Ivo Álvares Furtado, Pediatric Stomatology Unit. Department of Stomatology. Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisbon. Portugal. Instituto de Saúde Ambiental. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisbon. Portugal. Instituto de Anatomia. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisbon. Portugal.

MD. PhD (Anatomy). Stomatologist.

 

Francisco Salvado e Silva, Pediatric Stomatology Unit. Department of Stomatology. Hospital de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisbon. Portugal. Instituto de Saúde Ambiental. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisbon. Portugal.

MD. PhD (Maxillofacial Surgery). Stomatologist.

Josep Ustrell Torrent, Department of Stomatology. Faculty of Odontology. Universidad de Barcelona. Barcelona. Spain.

MD. PhD (Orthodontics). Stomatologist.

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Published

2015-06-04

How to Cite

1.
Agostinho HA, Furtado I Álvares, Silva FS e, Ustrell Torrent J. Cephalometric Evaluation of Children with Allergic Rhinitis and Mouth Breathing. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2015 Jun. 4 [cited 2022 Dec. 10];28(3):316-21. Available from: https://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/5556

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Original