Robotic Colorectal Surgery: Analysis of the First Three Years of Activity in a Hospital of the Portuguese National Health Service

Authors

  • Diogo Carrola Gomes Unidade de Patologia Colorretal. Unidade Local de Saúde S. José. Lisboa.
  • Rodrigo Athayde Nemésio Unidade de Patologia Colorretal. Unidade Local de Saúde S. José. Lisboa.
  • Susana Rodrigues Unidade de Patologia Colorretal. Unidade Local de Saúde S. José. Lisboa.
  • Jorge Penedo Unidade de Patologia Colorretal. Unidade Local de Saúde S. José. Lisboa.
  • Isabel Paixão Unidade de Patologia Colorretal. Unidade Local de Saúde S. José. Lisboa.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.20204

Keywords:

Colorectal Surgery, Intraoperative Complications, Postoperative Complications, Robotic Surgical Procedures

Abstract

Introduction: Minimally invasive surgery has been increasingly accepted and used in colorectal surgery. Several studies report that robotic surgery may provide advantages over ‘conventional’ laparoscopy, namely in rectal surgery. This paper provides an account of the first three years of experience with robotic surgery in the Unidade de Patologia Colorretal of the Unidade Local de Saúde S. José.
Methods: Variables were defined to develop a prospective database containing the data of consecutive patients operated by three internationally certified colorectal surgeons using the Da Vinci Xi® system between November 2019 and October 2022. The database was converted into an anonymized version that was used for this study. The analysis was performed on the data of all the patients operated during this period.
Results: Eighty patients were included, 47 male, median age 70 years, and median BMI 26 kg/m2 . ASA score was II in 53.7% and III in 41.3% of pa- tients. Of the total, 97.6% had malignant or potentially malignant disease. Operative procedures consisted of 34 colectomies proximal to the splenic flexure, 20 distal colectomies and 26 anterior resections. There were two synchronous resections of liver metastases. Early perioperative outcomes and histopathological results were analyzed: median operative time: 300 minutes; median estimated blood loss: 50 mL; conversion rate: 2.5%; median days until first bowel movement: three days; median length of hospital stay: six days; complication rate: 20%, of which 5% were Clavien III and 0% Clavien IV/V; anastomotic leak rate: 2.5%; 30-day readmission rate: 1.3%; median lymph nodes resected: 20; R0 resection rate: 100%; mesorectal integrity rate: 95,8% complete/near complete.
Conclusion: Our results show that the adoption of robotic colorectal surgery in our center was safe and resulted in similar or improved short-term clinical outcomes and histopathological results when compared to those described in the literature.

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Published

2024-07-01

How to Cite

1.
Carrola Gomes D, Athayde Nemésio R, Rodrigues S, Penedo J, Paixão I. Robotic Colorectal Surgery: Analysis of the First Three Years of Activity in a Hospital of the Portuguese National Health Service. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2024 Jul. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];37(7-8):535-40. Available from: https://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/20204