Streptococcus pyogenes Meningitis in a Pediatric Patient: Case Report
Keywords:Child, Meningitis, Bacterial, Streptococcal Infections, Streptococcus pyogenes
Streptococcus pyogenes causes a wide spectrum of diseases in children. However, meningitis due to this pathogen is highly uncommon. Although rare, it is associated with a high case fatality rate and can result in severe neurological sequelae. We report a case of Streptococcus pyogenes meningitis in a previously healthy 3-year-old boy. The purpose of this case report is to emphasize that this agent should be considered a cause of meningitis in previously healthy infants because of its frequent association with complications, sequelae, and high mortality rates.
de Almeida Torres L, Fedalto E, de Almeida Torres F, Steer C, Smeesters R. Group A streptococcus meningitis in children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013;32:110-4.
Link-Gelles R, Toews A, Schaffner W, Edwards M, Wright C, Beall B, et al. Characteristics of intracranial group a streptococcal infections in US children, 1997-2014. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2019;9:30-5.
Perera N, Abulhoul L, Green R, Swann A. Group A streptococcal meningitis: case report and review of the literature. J Infect. 2005;51:E1.
Arnoni V, Berezin N, Sáfadi P, Almeida J, Lopes C. Streptococcus pyogenes meningitis in children: report of two cases and literature review. Braz J Infect Dis. 2017;11:375-7.
Randhawa E, Woytanowski J, Sibliss K, Sheffer I. Streptococcus pyogenes and invasive central nervous system infection. SAGE Open Med Case Rep. 2018;6:2050313X1877558.
Lee J, Blackburn J, Pham-Huy A. Uncommon clinical presentation of a common bug: Group A streptococcus meningitis. Paediatr Child Health. 2021;26:E129-31.
Fanella S, Embree J. Group A streptococcal meningitis in a pediatric patient. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2008;19:306-8.
Baraldés A, Domingo P, Mauri A, Monmany J, Castellanos M, Pericas R, et al. Group A streptococcal meningitis in the antibiotic era. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999;18:572-8.
Brouwer M, Mcintyre P, Prasad K, van de Beek D. Corticosteroids for acute bacterial meningitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;9:CD004405.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Acta Médica Portuguesa
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
All the articles published in the AMP are open access and comply with the requirements of funding agencies or academic institutions. The AMP is governed by the terms of the Creative Commons ‘Attribution – Non-Commercial Use - (CC-BY-NC)’ license, regarding the use by third parties.
It is the author’s responsibility to obtain approval for the reproduction of figures, tables, etc. from other publications.
Upon acceptance of an article for publication, the authors will be asked to complete the ICMJE “Copyright Liability and Copyright Sharing Statement “(http://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/info/AMP-NormasPublicacao.pdf) and the “Declaration of Potential Conflicts of Interest” (http:// www.icmje.org/conflicts-of-interest). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author to acknowledge receipt of the manuscript.
After publication, the authors are authorised to make their articles available in repositories of their institutions of origin, as long as they always mention where they were published and according to the Creative Commons license.