Detection of phospholipidolytic Candida albicans isolated from saliva of children with Down's syndrome.

Evandro L Ribeiro, C De Castro Campos, A M Costa Crespo, Jovirês S Castro, Frederico P Rocha, Marcella Alves, Mariella S Goulart, Cléver Cardoso, Wesley Ferreira, Plínio Lázaro Naves, A José Soares, Simone R Miranda, Fabiana C Pimenta


The childhood is one of the most propitious period of the life to the occurrence of infection by yeasts of the genus Candida. In children with Down's syndrome, besides the predispose factors to bucal candidiasis; macroglossia, bucal muscular incompetence, frequent respiratory diseases, motor difficulty and immunologic deficit are mentioned as additional elements for this fungus disease. It was verified that the children attacked by this syndrome have much more strains of Candida than other children. The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of phospholipase producer, Candida on the saliva of children with Down's syndrome. Candida albicans was the only identified specie of Candida. The phospholipase production was found in isolated strains from both of study and control. However, the isolated strains of the group of children with Down's syndrome have strongly present phospholipidolitic.

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