Lead Exposure as Cause of a Clinical Scenario of Cardiac Arrhythmias

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.18791

Keywords:

Arrhythmias, Cardiac/chemically induced, Lead Poisoning, Occupational Exposure

Abstract

The recycling of used batteries has raised public health concerns as this activity is associated with occupational and environmental exposure to lead. We describe the case of a 26-year-old woman who experienced palpitations associated with headaches, fatigue and insomnia. Blood tests showed anemia (Hb 11.9 g/dL) and a lead concentration of 59 μg/dL. This was reported about four months after starting work in a battery recycling company. She left the company and, reported a gradual decrease in symptoms about one month later. The analytical study revealed a normalization of hemoglobin levels (12.2 g/dL) and a decrease in blood lead levels to 23.4 μg/dL. The health effects of lead exposure are nonspecific, and its diagnosis requires a high degree of suspicion. In this context, the collaboration between the Attending Physician and the Health and Safety Departments of companies is important.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Kathuria P. Lead toxicity. 2020. [consultado 2022 mai 30]. Disponível em: https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1174752-overview.

Papanikolaou NC, Hatzidaki EG, Belivanis S, Tzanakakis GN, Tsatsakis AM. Lead toxicity update. A brief review. Med Sci Monit. 2005;11:RA329.

Goldman R, Hu H. Lead exposure, toxicity, and poisoning in adults. 2021. [consultado 2022 mai 30]. Disponível em: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/lead-exposure-and-poisoning-in-adults.

Portugal. Decreto-Lei n.º 24/2012. Diário da República, I Série, n.º 26/2012 (2012/02/06). p. 580–9.

World Health Organization. Recycling used lead-acid batteries: health considerations. 2017. [consultado 2022 maio 30]. Disponível em: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/recycling-used-lead-acid-batteries-health-considerations.

Fuller R. Lead exposures from car batteries—a global problem. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117:A535.

Basit S, Karim N, Munshi AB. Occupational lead toxicity in battery workers. Pak J Med Sci. 2015;31:775-80.

Dounias G, Rachiotis G, Hadjichristodoulou C. Acute lead intoxication in a female battery worker: diagnosis and management. J Occup Med Toxicol.2010.5:19.

Silva M, D’Incao R, Lul R, Renon V, Mattos A. Manifestações gastrintestinais e diagnóstico de intoxicação por chumbo: relato de dois casos. Revista da AMRIGS. 2013;57:61-3.

Portugal. Lei n.º 98/2009. Diário da República n.º 172/2009, I Série (2009/09/04). p. 5894-920.

Portugal. Decreto Regulamentar n.º 76/2007. Diário da República n.º 136/2007, I Série (2007/07/17). p.4499–543.

Direção-Geral da Saúde. Informação Técnica nº 09/2014 (05/02/2015). Diagnóstico, conhecimento, prevenção e reparação de doença profissional. Lisboa: DGS; 2015.

Published

2022-10-17

How to Cite

1.
Coelho M, Abreu D, Silva L, Pereira M, Mautempo F. Lead Exposure as Cause of a Clinical Scenario of Cardiac Arrhythmias. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2022 Oct. 17 [cited 2024 May 28];36(9):595-7. Available from: https://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/18791

Issue

Section

Case Report