Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease: The State of the Art

Authors

  • Ana Farinha Anemia Working Group Portugal. Lisboa. Serviço de Nefrologia. Centro Hospitalar de Setúbal. Setúbal. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5402-7626
  • António Robalo Nunes Anemia Working Group Portugal. Lisboa. Serviço de Imuno-hemoterapia. Hospital das Forças Armadas. Lisboa.
  • João Mairos Anemia Working Group Portugal. Lisboa. Serviço de Ginecologia-Obstetrícia. Hospital da Força Aérea Portuguesa. Lisboa.
  • Cândida Fonseca Anemia Working Group Portugal. Lisboa. Clínica de Insuficiência Cardíaca. Serviço de Medicina III. Hospital de S. Francisco Xavier. Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental. Lisboa. NOVA Medical School. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Lisboa.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.17284

Keywords:

Anemia/diagnosis, Anemia/drug therapy, Anemia, Iron-Deficiency, Prolyl-Hydroxylase Inhibitors/therapeutic use, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications

Abstract

The aging of the population has led to an increased prevalence of chronic diseases such as chronic kidney disease. Anemia is one of the most frequent complications of chronic kidney disease, with an impact not only on the quality of life but also on the patient’s prognosis and associated costs. Knowledge in this therapeutic area has increased significantly: from the appearance of recombinant erythropoietin in 1989, through the use of increasing doses of parenteral iron and, more recently, to new molecules such as hypoxia-inducible factor inhibitors. The aim of this article is to present a pragmatic review of the state of the art in the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of anemia associated with chronic kidney disease.

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Author Biography

Ana Farinha, Anemia Working Group Portugal. Lisboa. Serviço de Nefrologia. Centro Hospitalar de Setúbal. Setúbal.

Nefrologia Clínica

Published

2022-07-15

How to Cite

1.
Farinha A, Robalo Nunes A, Mairos J, Fonseca C. Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease: The State of the Art. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 15 [cited 2022 Nov. 28];35(10):758-64. Available from: https://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/17284

Issue

Section

Review Articles