Resilience in Physicians: Contributions to the Validation of the European Portuguese Version of the Resilience Scale

Authors

  • Carla Serrão Escola Superior de Educação. Politécnico do Porto. Porto. INED - Centro de Investigação em Educação. Escola Superior de Educação. Politécnico do Porto. Porto.
  • Luísa Castro MEDCIDS - Departamento de Medicina da Comunidade, Informação e Decisão em Saúde. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto. Porto. CINTESIS - Centro de Investigação em Tecnologias e Serviços de Saúde. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto. Porto. Escola Superior de Saúde. Politécnico do Porto. Porto.
  • Andreia Teixeira EDCIDS - Departamento de Medicina da Comunidade, Informação e Decisão em Saúde. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto. Porto. CINTESIS - Centro de Investigação em Tecnologias e Serviços de Saúde. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto. Porto. Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo. Viana do Castelo.
  • Ana Rita Rodrigues Departamento de Ciências Sociais e do Comportamento. Instituto Universitário da Maia. Maia. Centro de Psicologia da Universidade do Porto. Porto.
  • Ivone Duarte MEDCIDS - Departamento de Medicina da Comunidade, Informação e Decisão em Saúde. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto. Porto. CINTESIS - Centro de Investigação em Tecnologias e Serviços de Saúde. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto. Porto.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.14657

Keywords:

Physicians, Portugal, Psychometrics, Resilience, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study is to explore the validation of the Resilience Scale in its long and brief versions (25 items and 14 items). This instrument assesses the individual’s ability to withstand stressors, thrive and make sense of vital challenges.
Material and Methods: The sample included 511 Portuguese physicians. Both versions were validated through the study of internal structure validity, reliability, and convergent validity. The validity of the internal structure was analysed using the principal component analysis technique. Reliability was verified by the internal consistency study. For convergent validity, the correlation coefficients between these versions of the Resilience Scale and other scales validated to measure depression, anxiety, stress, and life satisfaction were calculated.
Results: Both versions of Resilience Scale showed good internal consistency. For each of the versions, one factor was retained in the principal component analysis. Convergent validity was verified by significant positive correlations between Resilience Scale (25 and 14) and a life satisfaction scale and significant negative correlations between Resilience Scale and depression, anxiety, and stress subscales.
Discussion: The results show the one-dimensional character of both versions of the Resilience Scale and support their usefulness and validity in the physician’s class.
Conclusion: This is the first validation study of this scale in a group of physicians. Its results are very satisfactory, and its use in this specific group is recommended.

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Author Biography

Carla Serrão, Escola Superior de Educação. Politécnico do Porto. Porto. INED - Centro de Investigação em Educação. Escola Superior de Educação. Politécnico do Porto. Porto.

Adjunct Professor at the School of Education, Polytechnic of Porto, Portugal.

PhD in Psychology

Master in Health Psychology

Systemic family therapist and Psychodramatist

Professor of Psychology in various undergraduate and master's degrees.  Teacher in the areas of Group dynamics, Sociodrama, Interpersonal relationships, Mindfulness and Education, Gerontology, Family dynamics, and social networks.

Areas of research are in Adaptation of students to higher education, Health Literacy, Gender Equality, and Mindfulness.

Coordinator the Gerontology Course.

Member of the Course Committee of the Social Education Degree.

Author of several scientific publications in the field of Sexual Education, Health Education, Mindfulness, Gender equality, and Family dynamics.

Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Serrão C, Castro L, Teixeira A, Rodrigues AR, Duarte I. Resilience in Physicians: Contributions to the Validation of the European Portuguese Version of the Resilience Scale. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 30 [cited 2022 Dec. 7];34(7-8):523-32. Available from: https://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/14657