Thyroid Carcinoma in Children and Young Adults: Retrospective Review of 19 Cases

Authors

  • Joana Saraiva Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
  • Cristina Ribeiro Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
  • Miguel Melo Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
  • Leonor Gomes Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
  • Gracinda Costa Department of Nuclear Medicine. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.
  • Francisco Carrilho Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.1307

Abstract

Introduction: Thyroid carcinoma is rare in children and young adults. Most of management guidelines are based in data from adult population. Several controversies remain regarding the aggressiveness of clinical presentation and therapeutic approach.
Objective: To evaluate all differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients with less than 20 years-old at presentation reflecting the experience of our unit in relation to diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of this clinical entity.
Material and Methods: This is a retrospective review of clinical records of all children and young adults followed at Oncology Consultation of Department of Endocrinology of Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra between 1996 and 2012.
Results: Nineteen patients with mean age of 16 years old were followed, 13 girls and 6 boys. None of the patients had previous neck irradiation. A palpable cervical mass was the presenting complaint in 84.6%. FNA was performed in 15 patients and was diagnostic or suspicious of malignancy in 71.4%. Total thyroidectomy was performed in 18 cases (94.7%). Papillary carcinoma was identified in all. Vascular invasion and multicentry occurred in 21.1%. Mean tumor size was 2.5cm. Cervical lymph node involvement was diagnosed in 31.6% and distant metastases in 5.2%. The majority of patients (18 in 19) were classified as stage I disease. All patients received thyroxine suppressive therapy and postoperative radioiodine ablation was given to 84.2% (mean dose 85.7mCi). During mean follow-up
of almost 6 years, 16 patients remain disease free.
Conclusion: In our series, cervical lymph node and distant metastases rates were similar to that found in adult population. Overall prognosis was very good.

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Author Biographies

Joana Saraiva, Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.

Cristina Ribeiro, Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.

Miguel Melo, Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.

Leonor Gomes, Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.

Gracinda Costa, Department of Nuclear Medicine. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.

Francisco Carrilho, Department of Endocrinology. Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra. Coimbra. Portugal.

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Published

2013-10-31

How to Cite

1.
Saraiva J, Ribeiro C, Melo M, Gomes L, Costa G, Carrilho F. Thyroid Carcinoma in Children and Young Adults: Retrospective Review of 19 Cases. Acta Med Port [Internet]. 2013 Oct. 31 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];26(5):578-82. Available from: https://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/1307