VIII Highlights AMP-S

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Originals

Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Versus Drug-Eluting Stents in Older Adults
Chang M, Lee CW, Ahn JM, et al. Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Versus Drug-Eluting Stents in Older Adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Feb 6. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14780. (Original) PMID: 28165613

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«Little data are available to compare coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) vs percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) in older adults. We evaluate the long-term outcomes of CABG vs PCI with DES in older adults with left main or multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD).»

Depression Case Finding in Individuals with Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Goodarzi ZS, Mele BS, Roberts DJ, et al. Depression Case Finding in Individuals with Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Feb 2. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14713. (Original) PMID: 28152174

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«To compare the diagnostic accuracy of depression case finding tools with a criterion standard in the outpatient setting among adults with dementia.»

Recurrence and mortality after first venous thromboembolism in a large population-based cohort
Arshad N, Bjori E, Hindberg K, et al. Recurrence and mortality after first venous thromboembolism in a large population-based cohort. J Thromb Haemost. 2017 Feb;15(2):295-303. doi: 10.1111/jth.13587. Epub 2017 Feb 6. (Original) PMID: 27943560

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«Previous reports on recurrence and mortality rates after a first episode of venous thromboembolism (VTE) vary considerably. Advances in the management and treatment of VTE during the last 15 years may have influenced the rates of clinical outcomes.»

Review

Psychosocial interventions for supporting women to stop smoking in pregnancy
Chamberlain C, O`Mara-Eves A, Porter J, et al. Psychosocial interventions for supporting women to stop smoking in pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Feb 14;2:CD001055. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001055.pub5. (Review) PMID: 28196405

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«Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries.»

Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data
Martineau AR, Jolliffe DA, Hooper RL, et al. Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data. BMJ. 2017 Feb 15;356:i6583. doi: 10.1136/bmj.i6583. (Review) PMID: 28202713

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«To assess the overall effect of vitamin D supplementation on risk of acute respiratory tract infection, and to identify factors modifying this effect.»

Stretch for the treatment and prevention of contractures
Harvey LA, Katalinic OM, Herbert RD, et al. Stretch for the treatment and prevention of contractures. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Jan 9;1:CD007455. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007455.pub3. (Review) PMID: 28146605

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«Contractures are a common complication of neurological and non-neurological conditions, and are characterised by a reduction in joint mobility. Stretch is widely used for the treatment and prevention of contractures. However, it is not clear whether stretch is effective.»