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II Serie Volume 33 Number 7-8
July-August 2020


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  1- Factors of recurrence of intraepithelial lesions of the uterine cervix.

2- Duodenoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the diagnosis of biliary and pancreatic pathology.

3- Mephedrone (?Meow Meow?), The New Designer Drug of Abuse: Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynimics and Clinical and Forensic Issues

4- Natural history of fetal pyelocaliectasia.

5- Antidepressant drugs.

6- Erysipelas.

7- Pressure ulcer management--Evidence-based interventions.

8- Traumatic Brain Injury: Integrated Approach

9- Genital ulcers caused by sexually transmitted diseases: current therapies, diagnosis and their relevance in HIV pandemy.

10- Current management of gout.

11- Livedo vasculitis.

12- Tarlov's cyst: definition, etiopathogenesis, propaedeutic and treatment.

13- Antibiotic treatment of uncomplicated cystitis in non-pregnant women up to menopause.

14- Urolithiasis and renal colic. Therapeutic approach in urology.

15- Uterine inversion.

16- Surgical basic skills: surgical sutures.

17- Rhabdomyolysis.

18- Inflammatory breast cancer.

19- Management of vertigo.

20- Pancreatic ectopia.


Live Vaccine in Children with DiGeorge/22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome

Introduction: Children with DiGeorge syndrome/chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome might have a variable degree of immunodeficiency, which may limit the use of live vaccines. The aim of this study was to review the adverse effects of live vaccines and possible relation with immune status in patients with DiGeorge Syndrome/partial 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.
Material and Methods: Retrospective study with analysis of the clinical records of children with chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome and DiGeorge syndrome phenotype, followed in a Primary Immunodeficiency center. Data were collected on: demographic characteristics; medical and vaccination history with live vaccines; T-CD4+ lymphocyte counts and lymphocyte proliferative responses to antigens and mitogens; adverse reactions; vaccine failure.
Results: Twenty three children with DiGeorge syndrome/22q11.2 deletion syndrome were included, 65.2% male, with average age at diagnosis of 11.3 months. Eighteen children (78%) received bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine: all with evidence of thymic activity; three presented moderate T-CD4+ lymphopenia and abnormal lymphocyte proliferative responses; one had abnormal lymphocyte proliferative responses for mitogens, four for purified protein derivative and one for tetanus toxoid. Measles, mumps and rubella vaccine was administered to 15 children, three of them with moderate immunosuppression and abnormal lymphocyte proliferative responses. Live attenuated polio vaccine was administered to 4 children without immunosuppression and the rotavirus vaccine to three children, one with moderate immunosuppression. No significant adverse reactions were reported.
Discussion: These data are in line with the findings of other international studies.
Conclusion: In our sample, live vaccines were well-tolerated, even in children with moderate T-CD4+ lymphopenia and abnormal lymphocyte proliferative responses to antigens/mitogens.

Read the full article here (Portuguese only)