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II Serie Volume 30 Number 11
November 2017

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  1- Factores de recorrência das lesões intraepiteliais do colo do útero.

2- Duodenoscopia e colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (cpre) no diagnóstico da patologia biliar e pancreática. Experiência dos primeiros 150 exames.

3- Mefedrona, a Nova Droga de Abuso: Farmacocinética, Farmacodinâmica e Implicações Clínicas e Forenses

4- História natural da dilatação pielocalicial pré-natal.

5- Erisipela.

6- Abordagem terapêutica das úlceras de pressão--intervenções baseadas na evidência.

7- Drogas antidepressivas.

8- Traumatismo Crânio-Encefálico: Abordagem Integrada

9- Ulceras genitais causadas por infecções sexualmente transmissíveis: actualização do diagnóstico e terapêuticas, e a sua importância na pandemia do VIH.

10- Abordagem actual da gota.

11- Vasculite livedóide.

12- Cisto de Tarlov: definição, etiopatogenia, propedêutica e linhas de tratamento.

13- Tratamento antibiótico da cistite não complicada em mulheres não grávidas até à menopausa.

14- Inversão uterina.

15- Urolitíase e cólica renal. Perspectiva terapêutica em Urologia.

16- Princípios básicos em cirurgia: fios de sutura.

17- Rabdomiólise.

18- Glioblastoma multiforme ... com apresentação multifocal.

19- Espondilodiscite: que etiologia?

20- Distócia de ombros: uma emergência obstétrica.

 
   

Limited Health Literacy in Portugal Assessed with the Newest Vital Sign



Introduction: In Portugal, health literacy has started to be addressed through national policies, but research on the topic is still scarce. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of limited health literacy in Portugal using an existing health literacy instrument, the Newest Vital Sign.
Materials and Methods: Following cross-cultural adaptation of the instrument, a sample of 249 participants was evaluated to assess reliability and construct validity of the Newest Vital Sign; the latter was tested assuming physicians would score highest, followed by health researchers, then by engineering researchers and finally by laypersons from the general population. We applied this validated version in a representative sample of 1544 Portuguese-speaking residents in Portugal aged between 16 and 79 years and quantified the associations between limited health literacy and sociodemographic characteristics.
Results: The instrument showed high reliability (Cronbach’s α = 0.85). Health-related occupation showed association with higher scores in the Newest Vital Sign (p trend < 0.001). The prevalence of limited health literacy in the Portuguese population was 72.9% (95% CI: 69.4 - 76.4). We found no differences between men and women, but persons with limited health literacy were significantly older (p < 0.001) and less educated (p < 0.001).
Discussion: The burden of limited health literacy in Portugal is higher than that in other European countries. It should drive a universal precautions approach to health communication at all levels of the health system.
Conclusion: We validated a brief and simple instrument and estimated the prevalence of limited health literacy in the literate Portuguese population at roughly three out of four people.

Full article in here (English only).